He concludes this blessed dissertation on the doctrine of imputation by eulogizing our Lord Jesus Christ, “Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.”  Here we see substitution: “Delivered for our offences.”  Christ went to the cross, not for His own guilt, but because of ours.  He suffered on that tree, not because He was a sinner, but because we are sinners, and our guilt was charged upon Him.  He was the Lamb of God, to Whom the guilt of the whole elect of God was transferred, and therefore He must bleed and die, and be consumed by the fires of divine wrath, in order that we may escape the punishment that we deserve.  To the Galatians, Paul wrote that He was made a curse for us, so that we might escape the curse of the law, and come into the blessing of the promises made to Abraham.

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By whom was Christ delivered?  The answer here is twofold.  First, it is quite clear that He was delivered to the authority of the Roman governor by His jealous Jewish enemies.  They hated Him, and feared the damage to their own authority and popularity that would arise if they tolerated Him much longer, and therefore framed Him as an enemy of the Roman empire.  Pilate, though he knew Jesus was not guilty of such crimes as He was accused of, nevertheless acceded to their request in order to pacify the wrath of the mob, and to hang on to his own position.  Jesus, then, was delivered by man to the death of the cross, because of their rage and hatred against the Christ of God.  The second reason, God willing, we shall consider in our concluding post on chapter 4.

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