He goes on to challenge them, as to whether they would dare to despise the riches of divine goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering.  This is what men do when they flatter themselves that God is so good, kind, and gracious, that He would never deal harshly with them concerning their sin.  This is an easy doctrine for men to imbibe today, when perverse and unbiblical ideas about love have been invented and thoroughly embraced, so that one can hardly say a word against sin without being denounced as a “hater.” 

KJV_Romans_2-4

It is likely that it was a peculiar temptation for the Jew to rest upon the advantages he enjoyed as a child of Abraham, and think that God would never deal as severely with them as He had with the heathen Gentiles.  Paul would warn them against abusing the patience of the God Who had borne with their rebellion for so long.  Surely they should have learned from their own history that though God had been very patient with His chosen people on many different occasions, when they failed to repent judgment inevitably fell upon them.  Paul advises them that this goodness of God towards them was not meant as a license for them to continue indulging themselves in the same wicked behavior that characterized their heathen neighbors, but rather should have been an inducement to repentance.  If we are ever awakened to the fact that we are wicked, and have grossly offended the majesty of the High and Holy One that inhabiteth eternity, then as we fall on our knees in repentance and plead for absolution, we should add with it a prayer of thanksgiving that God has not destroyed us heretofore, but has continued to loan us life and breath so that we might have this opportunity to repent.

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